Identification of the Dietary Risk Factors of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 among Employees of Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh: An Observational Study

Zarreen Baig, S. M.S. Ashraf, Abdul Aziz Khan, Mohd Monis

Abstract


Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is closely related to lifestyle factors such as diet, physical activities, alcohol, smoking, calorie intake as well as obesity and positive family history. Available data suggest that diet is the main culprit and a change in dietary habits and dietetics has a greater potential to improve T2DM. Aims and Objectives: To identify the dietary risk factors of T2DM and find out the association of established dietary risk factors with incidence of T2DM. Methodology: The study was an observational cross-sectional study of 15 months. The sample size was 650 (n=4pq/L2). The ethical clearance was obtained from the IEC. The diagnosed cases of T2DM of both sexes were included in the study. A semi-structured proforma was used for collection of data. Data was processed by software “R” and analyzed statistically using chi-square test and paired t test. Observation and Results: The study suggested that 90% subjects were mixed diet consumers, while 10% were vegetarians. Out of 90%, non-vegetarians there were 23.7% were red meat consumers while 66.30% were white meat consumers. Users of refined oil were 67.1% while non-refined oil users were 32.9%. 26.6% diabetic subjects were usual meal skippers while 15.4% subjects were occasional meal skippers. Discussion and Conclusion: The study revealed that majority were those who consume heavy amount of meat (>700 gm). There was significant association between meat consumption (red and white meat) and T2DM (X2=73.4, p<0.0001).

 

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus Type 2, diet pattern, risk factors

Cite this Article

Zarreen Baig, Ashraf SMS, Abdul Aziz Khan, et al. Identification of the Dietary Risk Factors of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 among employees of Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh: An Observational Study. Journal of AYUSH: Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy. 2018; 7(2): 20–25p.


Keywords


Diabetes Mellitus Type 2, Diet Pattern, Risk factors

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