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Cross-Sectional Study on Socio-determinants of Mosquito-borne Diseases

Soumya Sonalika, Sasmita Nayak, Amarita Lenka

Abstract


Background: Of all the insects, mosquitoes undoubtedly cause the greatest suffering both to man and animals. Mosquito has been not only a nuisance but also a killer. The objectives were to assess the socio-determinants of mosquito-borne diseases and to find out the existing knowledge on preventive measures. Methods: All the consecutive patients diagnosed as mosquito-borne diseases admitted in the Medicine ward of PBMH, Kalinga Institute of Nursing Sciences (KINS), KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. The data were collected through interview schedule from 140 patients available during monsoon period. Results: About 64.2% constitute of male patients. A total of 15.7% had history of malaria. About 56.4% had previous information about disease through TV and newspapers. About 53.5% lived in semi-pucca house. A total of 35.7% considered stagnant water and garbage as common breeding place. About 48.5% people said fever was the clinical symptom for dengue. Only 38.5% people used repellent, oil or liquid as personal protective measures and 41.4% had knowledge on Government provisions such as fogging. Conclusion: Among all the mosquito-borne diseases, dengue was highly prevalent. Health education was provided for health promotion and healthy living.


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