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The Present Study was Conducted to Assess Knowledge and Practice of Pain Assessment and Management among CHD Patients and also to Develop a Structure Pain Assessment Proforma for Patients Admitted in the Cardiology Unit of a Selected Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab

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Heart is considered key to the lock of life which gives sustenance to the body—physically as wellas emotionally.Mortality rate of CHD is held responsible for more deaths. Coronary artery disease (CAD) develops when major blood vessels that supply heart become damaged or diseased. Cholesterol-containing deposits (plaques) in coronary arteries and inflammation are usually to blame for coronary artery disease. The coronary arteries supply blood, oxygen and nutrients to heart. Coronary artery disease is the common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death in the United States in both men and women. CAD happens when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrow.

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