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A Study to Assess Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Janani Suraksha Yojana among ASHA Workers in Selected Primary Health Centers of Anand District, Gujarat

Binal Joshi, Ms. Riya Patel, Ms. Kruti Roy, Ms. Jigisha Patel

Abstract


Background: Woman plays a cardinal role in the family. Care during child bearing period is very influential aspect for healthy mother with a healthy baby. JSY had a tremendous impact in declining maternal and newborn health morbidities and mortalities. As ASHA worker is the mediator between the health centers and rural community the knowledge, they possess will help to improve the health status of the community people. Due to versatile roles of these workers in spreading health information among the community, it is necessary to know the level of knowledge and attitude of these functionaries regarding different health programmes. Objectives: To assess the level of knowledge regarding Janani Suraksha Yojana among ASHA, To assess the level of attitude regarding Janani Suraksha Yojana among ASHA, To find out the correlation between the knowledge and attitude, To find out the association between the knowledge and attitude with socio-demographic variables. Methods: A quantitative approach was used for this study; under this a descriptive survey design.100 ASHAs were selected from selected primary health centers of Anand District with purposive sampling technique. Three section tools were introduced to collect data, in which section-I gathered information of Socio-demographic variables, in section-II a structured questionnaire prepared and validated by experts for assessing Knowledge of ASHAs regarding Janani Suraksha Yojana, while the attitude was assessed through three point Likert scale. Data collected is analyzed and interpreted based on descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Out of 100 ASHAs, 45 % of ASHA belongs to 31–40 years, and 16 % of ASHA belongs to 21–30 years. Majority of ASHA belongs Hindu 80(80%) while minimum ASHA belongs to Christian 04(04%). 93(93%) of ASHA are Married. Majority of ASHA had taken secondary education 62 (62%). 72 (72%) ASHA has received training and 62 (62%) ASHA was having more than 5 years of experience. The correlation coefficient between knowledge and attitude is 0.05 which shows that there is a moderately Positive co-relation. Statistical analysis using chi-square revealed that age, religion and year of experience of ASHA workers are significant association with knowledge score. Conclusion: Finding of study revealed that majority of ASHA workers have moderately adequate knowledge and have average (neutral) attitude regarding Janani Suraksha Yojana. The data also revealed that demographic variables showed significant association with knowledge score.

riables showed significant association with knowledge score. 


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