Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Health Impact due to Pollution from the Fine Chemical Manufacturing Industries Operating at Gove Industrial Belt of Bhiwandi (Maharashtra)

Pravin Singare, A. G. Jagtap

Abstract


The present study performed to understand the toxicity level of heavy metals like Zn+2, Ni+2, Cu+2, Cr+6, Fe+3, which are present in the industrial effluents released from fine chemical industries situated at Gove industrial belt, Bhiwandi, Maharashtra. The concentration level of Zn2+ in the present study was found to be 26.35 ppm which was above the limits of 5.0 ppm set by CPCB in industrial wastewater discharge. Such high Zn2+ level may result in stomach cramps, nausea and vomiting. The average concentration of Pb2+ (0.99 ppm) in the present study was above the CPCB limits of 0.10 ppm. Such high level of Pb2+ might result in a threat to young children and pregnant women resulting in miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth and low birth weight. The average concentration of Ni2+ (7.24 ppm) was very much above the maximum tolerable CPCB limits of 3.00 ppm, which might result in contact dermatitis among the local peoples. The concentration of Cu2+ (3.55 ppm) as reported in the present study was marginally above the limits of 3.00 ppm set by CPCB for the safe discharge of industrial effluents. It is feared that short term exposure Cu2+ may result in gastrointestinal distress, while the long term exposure may result in liver or kidney damage. From the results of the present study, it is feared that high level of toxic heavy metals in industrial wastewater coupled with high level of various physicochemical parameter like pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Chemical of Oxygen Demand (COD), Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Total Hardness, PO42-, and Ca2+ may possess threat to the human health among the local populations. From the results, it can be concluded that due to rapid industrialization at Gove industrial area, there is a rapid increase in the water pollution and the efforts are required to be taken to control the discharge of the pollutants into the aquatic ecosystems.

 

Keywords: Gove industrial belt, industrialization, industrial effluents, water pollution, physicochemical parameters, heavy metals

Cite this Article

Singare PU, Jagtap AG. Health Impact due to Pollution from the Fine Chemical Manufacturing Industries Operating at Gove Industrial Belt of Bhiwandi (Maharashtra). Research & Reviews: A Journal of Health Professions. 2018; 8(3): 23–30p.



Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Research & Reviews: A Journal of Health Professions