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Risk of Diabetes in the Indian Population: A Study Using Indian Diabetes Risk Score and Random Blood Glucose Level.

Nirmal Bhusal, Dr. Gopesh Mangal

Abstract


INTRODUCTION:  Because of increasing burden of the diabetes effort was attempted for early diagnosis of diabetes by means of screening with the objectives to find out the prevalence and the risk of diabetes mellitus among individuals attending a Diabetes awareness and health camp by using Indian diabetes risk score and Random Blood Glucose level.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diabetic awareness and health check up camp organized on 28th October 2016, at the entrance of National Institute of Ayurveda Hospital, Jaipur, India. Age, sex, waist circumference, details of physical activities and family history of diabetes were recorded to calculate Indian Diabetic Risk Score (IDRS). Random Blood Glucose (RBG) was measured by Glucometer. 190 individuals were screened for Diabetes using IDRS score and Random Blood Glucose.

RESULT: Male predominance was observed (65.8 % were male) in present study. Out of 190 subjects 38.5 % had high risk of developing diabetes and   45.2 % had moderate risk and 16.3 % low risk for developing diabetes mellitus. Only 7.9% did vigorous exercise, 39.5 % individuals did regular physical exercise in their daily routine life, 32.6 % did not follow regular physical exercise.  10.5% had one parent family history whereas 2.1% had both parent family history of diabetes. 11.2% individuals had RBG more than 200mg/dl.

CONCLUSION:  Sedentary lifestyle, increase abdominal obesity and family history of diabetes significantly contributed in occurrence of Diabetes. IDRS and RBGL can be useful cost effective and simple tool to detect undiagnosed diabetes and those at risk of Diabetes.

Keywords: Diabetes awareness, IDRS, RBG, lifestyle.

Cite this Article

Nirmal Bhusal, Gopesh Mangal. Risk of Diabetes in the Indian Population: A Study Using Indian Diabetes Risk Score and Random Blood Glucose Level. Research & Reviews: Journal of Medicine. 2017; 7(3): 21–24p.


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