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Working Profession and Posture as Risk Factors in A Sample Population of Lower Limb Varicose Veins- An Observational Study

Junaid Nazir Dandroo, Mehjabeen Fatimah, Danish Akhtar

Abstract


Abstract

Primary varicose veins are a typical manifestation of chronic venous insufficiency. The aetiology of varicose veins is still incompletely understood despite the fact that it is a very common disease affecting all ages from teenagers to elderly people. The prevalence of varicose veins varies substantially in different parts of the world. The present study was designed to investigate the various risks factors and clinical manifestations of the occurrence of lower limb varicose veins. A retro prospective study was carried out between Jan 2016 to Feb 2017. During this period 90 cases of varicose veins of lower limbs were enrolled and were studied in detail. Maximum cases were found in the age group of 31 to 40 years (45.56%) and male predominance (61.11%). On the basis of occupational status housewives were in the majority (22.22%), followed by salesmen (21.11%) and labourer (13.34%). Further, patients who do prolonged standing work were mostly affected (72.22%). Majority of the cases were having only symptom of prominent veins (50%), pain was present in (31.82%), Eczema and pigmentation was present in (10%), swelling (6.37%) and active ulceration in (1.81%). Further as per CEAP classification majority of cases were in Grade II severity (79.09%). Majority of the patients had sphenofemoral and perforator incompetence (34.54%) as revealed by venous Doppler findings. In conclusion left limb, middle age men and long standing workers are commonly affected. Moreover the common presenting clinical features were prominent veins, pain, swelling, eczema and pigmentation.

 

Keywords: Varicose veins, Dawali, Venous Doppler, incompetency, Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome

Cite this Article

Junaid Nazir Dandroo, Mehjabeen Fatimah, Danish Akhtar. Working Profession and Posture as Risk Factors in a Sample Population of Lower Limb Varicose Veins- An Observational Study. Research & Reviews: Journal of Surgery. 2017; 6(3): 17–21p.


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