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Tobacco Consequences Oral Health: A Review Article

Sheikh Arslan Sehgal, Rana Adnan Tahir

Abstract


Use of tobacco is one of the most important risk factor for oral cancer, periodontal disease, mucosal lesions and dental implant failure. Tobacco smoking frequently increases the risk of oral cancer and quitting smoking results in reduced risk. In various forms of periodontal disease, the severity and prevalence is higher among smokers as compared to non-smokers. Risks of peri-implantitis and maintenance of oral hygiene are adversely affected by smoking. The precancerous and oral cancer development risk is higher in smokers. Smokeless tobacco and betel nut chewing produce similar risks of cancer development as tobacco smoking. Cessation of tobacco use positively effect and has many benefits of improving oral health. The aim and purpose of this paper is to review tobacco use effects on a variety of oral cancer, diseases and conditions with particular emphasis on the effects of dental implant failure, periodontal diseases and risks of development of prevalence and oral cancer.

 

Keywords: Tobacco, oral health, public health, tobacco smoking

Cite this Article

Sheikh Arslan Sehgal, Rana Adnan Tahir. Tobacco Consequences Oral Health: A Review Article. Research and Reviews: Journal of Toxicology. 2016; 6(1): 28–40p.


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