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Groundwater Contamination of Amritsar District of Punjab due to Heavy Metals Iron and Arsenic and its Mitigation

Hardev Singh Virk

Abstract


Punjab is facing a crisis situation due to high levels of heavy metals in underground water table of Punjab. ICAR has reported arsenic beyond safe limit in 13 districts of Punjab. According to PWSSD report, the highest number of qualities affected (QA) habitations due to arsenic and iron fall under the geographical area of Amritsar district in Punjab. In this survey, groundwater quality data pertaining to arsenic and iron is reported. Heavy metal contamination due to arsenic and iron can be got rid of by using a nanotechnology-based technique called AMRIT (Arsenic and Metal Removal by Indian Technology). It is proposed to install 1508 AMRIT plants in the Punjab State under the World Bank Project. Pilot plants of AdEdge and ion exchange companies have been also installed for mitigation of arsenic.

 

Keywords: Heavy metal contamination, arsenic, iron, acceptable limit, AMRIT

 

Cite this Article

Hardev Singh Virk. Groundwater Contamination of Amritsar District of Punjab due to Heavy Metals Iron and Arsenic and its Mitigation. Research & Reviews: A Journal of Toxicology. 2019; 9(2): 18–27p.


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