Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

COVID-19: Nija or Agantuj Roga, Ayurvedic Perspective

Gyanendra kumar Gupta, gagan devi


Epidemics have not been new concept neither to universe nor for India. Ayurveda, which is most ancient, documented science of health care system, has documented concept of epidemics thousand years ago and which is explained under name Janapadodhwamsa or Maraka. It is explained in detail as an independent chapter in various classical texts. As per description, Ayurvedic literature described their mechanism of Aetiology (Nidana), various factors affecting severity and actions complicating illnesses along with their management and preventive method. In this study, an attempt is made to describe it as per our classical science, which asserts the superiority of host susceptibility (Nija) over External Agent/Virus (Agantuja) and uses the same principles in prevention. In this study, an attempt is made to understand different stage of COVID-19 under Jwara.


Epidemics, janapadodhwamsa, maraka, nidana, agantuja, ahara, antiviral, jwara

Full Text:



Sharma PV, editor. Charaka Samhita of Agnivesha. Vol. I. Viman Sthan, Chapter 3, Verse 20. Varanasi: Choukhambha Orientalia; 2011.

Patil VC, Rajeshwari NM. Sushruta Samhita of Sushruta. Vol. I. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Publications; 2018.

Murthy Shrikantha KR, editor. Madhava Nidanam of Madhavakara. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2016.

Sen Govind Das. Bhaishajya Ratnavali (Sanskrit). In: Mishra SN, editor. Siddhiprada (Hindi commentary). Varanasi: Choukamba Sur Bharati Prakashan; 2005.

Shivaprasad Sharma. Astang Sangrah. With Indu commentary Shashilekha. Sharir Sthana, Chapter 03. Reprinted Edn. Varanasi: Chowkhambha Sanskrit series; 2006.

Vaidya Harishastri Paradakara. Ashtanga Hrudaya of Vagbhata. Sharir Sthana, Chapter 01. 9th Edn. Varanasi: Chawkhambha Orientalia; 2009.

Brahma Shankar Mishra. Bhavprakash purvakhand vidyotini. Poorva Khand, Chapter 4. 11th Edn. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Sanskrit Bhavan; 2010.

Vd Venkatasubrahmanya Shastri, Rajeshwar Shastri. Bhel Samhita. New Delhi: CCRAS; 1985.

Sharma Pt Hemraj, Bhishagacharya Satpal. Kasyapa Samhita. Khila Sthana, Ch 11. 7th Edn. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthana; 2000.

Vds Hariprasad Tripati. Harita, Harita Samhita. Tristhana, Chaapter 5. Varanasi: Chaukambha Krishnadas Academy; 2009.


  • There are currently no refbacks.