Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Prevalence of Home Accidents among Children: An Evidence Based Review

Mini Rani Mary Beth, Jogindra Vati


Background: Home accidents and injuries among children are the leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in the world. This evidence-based review aimed to explore the prevalence and of different causes of childhood accidents. Methods: PubMed/Medline and Google Scholar data bases were searched by the authors to identify studies published from 2012 to 2020 covering children using key search terms such as home accidents among children, prevalence of home accidents and domestic injury among children. Results: The findings from the related articles show that the prevalence rate of home accidents are higher among children of different age groups and the most common causes of home accidents are: accidental falls, burns, drowning, poisoning, unintentional injuries and foreign body aspiration. Conclusion: The results of this review recommended the urgent need for health care members, organizations, policymakers, teachers and parents to implement measures that are made mandatory to reduce and prevent home accidents among children


Home accidents, Children, prevalence

Full Text:




Ashwill JW, Droske. SC. Nursing care of children principal and practice, W.B. Saunders company, Philadelphia; 1997: 256-296.

Hamzaoglu O, Ozkan O, Janson S. Incidence and causes of home accidents at Ankara Cigiltepe apartments in Turkey. Accid Anal Prev. 2002;34(1):123-128p. doi:10.1016/S0001-4575(01)00008-2.

Walker V. Child safety in your home. Available at: Accessed on 12 October 2018

Bonilla-Escobar FJ, Gutierrez MI. Injuries are not accidents: towards a culture of prevention. Colomb Med (Cali). 2014; 45:132–5p.

Vakili M, Momeni Z, Mohammadi M, Koohgardi M. Epidemiological study of accidents in children under 6 years of Azadshahr Yazd in 2011. Pajouhan Scientific Journal. 2016;14(3):49–57p.

Lao Z, Gifford M, Dalal K. Economic cost of childhood unintentional injuries. Int J Prev Med. 2012; 3:303–12p.

World Health Organization. Child Injuries. [Last accessed on 2017 Nov 22]. Available from: http://wwwwhoint/violence_injury_prevention/child/injury/en/

Al Rumhi A, Al Awisi H, Al Buwaiqi M, et al. Home Accidents among Children: A Retrospective Study at a Tertiary Care Center in Oman. Oman Med J. 2020; 6;35(1): e85. doi: 10.5001/omj.2020.03. PMID: 32042466; PMCID: PMC6975254.

Khan S, Tauheed N, Nawab S, Afzal S, Khalique N. Domestic accidents among under-5-year children: a study on the modern-day epidemic. Int J Community Med Public Health 2019; 6:1529-35p.

Ghailan K, Almalki MJ, Jabour AM, et al. Children Domestic Accidents Profile in Jazan Region, a call for new policies to improve safety of home environment. Saudi J Biol Sci. 2021; 28(2):1380–2p.

doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2020.11.074. Epub 2020 Dec 1. PMCID: PMC7878686.

Yara Al Goraini∗, Manal Bawazeer, Rana Kattan, Manar AlGhamdi. Common fall-related injuries in children at king Abdul Aziz medical city, Riyadh — Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Patient Safety Forum 2015.

Mirahmadizadeh A, Hemmati A, Zahmatkesh S, et al. Incidence of accidents and injuries in children under 6 years old in southern Iran: a population-based study. J Inj Violence Res. 2020 ;12(2):135–44p.

doi: 10.5249/jivr.vo112i2.1280. PMCID: PMC7487133.

Rehman T, Sulgante S, Sekhar SK. Prevalence and pattern of domestic accidents in the field practice area of Jawaharlal Institute of Urban Health Centre, Puducherry: a cross-sectional analytical study. J Inj Violence Res. 2020;12(1):1-10p.

doi: 10.5249/jivr.v12i1.1182. Epub 2019 Sep 28. PMID: 31562291; PMCID: PMC7001614.

Central Bureau of Health Intelligence. National Health Profile. Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India. New Delhi: 2018.

National Crime Records Bureau. (2020 Oct). Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India., Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. New Delhi. [Online] Available form:

Aslan N, Yıldızdaş D, et al. Evaluation of foreign body aspiration cases in our pediatric intensive care unit: Single-center experience. Turk Pediatri Ars. 2019; 54(1): 44–48.

World Health Organization. (2004) The Global Burden of Disease. [Online] Available form:

Alkhamis KN, Abdulkader RS. Assessment of unintentional childhood injuries and associated factors in the pediatric clinics of a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. J Family Community Med. 2020; 27(3): 168–177.

Mathur A, Mehra L, et al. Unintentional Childhood Injuries in Urban and Rural Ujjain, India: A Community-Based Survey. Children (Basel). 2018; 5(2): 23.

Kamal NN. Home unintentional non-fatal injury among children under 5 years of age in a rural area, El Minia Governorate, Egypt. J Community Health. 2013; 38(5): 873–9.

Al-Mannai L, Selim N, et al. Unintentional injuries among preschool children in Qatar: Cross sectional study. World Fam Med J Middle East J Fam Med. 2014; 12(11): 36–44.

Aloufi LS. Unintentional home injury in children up to age 12 years reported by mother attending vaccination clinic in Al-Rusifa PHC Center, Makkah Al- Mokarramah, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Res Prof. 2017; 3(2): 137–43.

Tiruneh BT, Bifftu BB, et al. Factors associated with unintentional injury among the paediatric age population in the hospitals of Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. Afr J Emerg Med. 2017; 7(l): 55–59.

Santagati G, Vezzosi L, et al. Unintentional Injuries in Children Up to Six Years of Age and Related Parental Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors in Italy. J Pediatr. 2016; 177: 267–272.

Shi S, Yang H, et al. Epidemiologic characteristics, knowledge and risk factors of unintentional burns in rural children in Zunyi, Southwest China. Sci Rep. 2016; 6: 35445.


  • There are currently no refbacks.