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Effectiveness of Nursing Intervention on Prevention of Intravenous Therapy-related Complications among Neonates Admitted in NICU at Government Medical College and Hospital in Tiruvannamalai District

C. Priyadarshini, S. Aswini, Getsy Martina, Nandhini .


Introduction: The main reason for peripheral intravenous therapy is inappropriate use and poor
technique which is followed by the health professionals. Some of the important complications are
infection, phlebitis, thrombophlebitis, infiltration, hematoma, nerve damage, fluid overload,
electrolyte imbalance and embolisms now days. Materials and Methods: A quantitative approach was
used in the study. Research Design: A quasi-experimental post-test only was designed by using
convenience sampling technique. The tool was used for administrations of standardized protocol
based IV Infusion therapy procedures among neonates. Result: The study findings reveal that in posttest
assessment of intravenous therapy-related complications based on standardized protocol
distributions of level of complications, 44 neonates (73.33%) had no complications of intravenous
therapy, 16 neonates (26.67%) had mild level complications of intravenous therapy and no neonates
had been affected with moderate and severe complications of intravenous therapy. The overall mean
value is 10.47% and SD level is 0.947. There is association at 1% level of significance of post-test
level of complications with the selected demographic variables such as age in days, sex, term of baby,
weight of the baby, duration of intravenous therapy, intravenous injections with and without
antibiotics. It shows high significance. Conclusion: The study was concluded among 16 neonates to
find the effectiveness of standardized protocol for nursing intervention on intravenous therapy-related
complications at Thiruvannamalai. 44 neonates did not develop any complications. 16 neonates have
mild complications, and no neonates were affected
with moderate and severe complications.

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