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Infective Endocarditis, Result of Chronic Periodontal Disease: A Real And Present Danger

Ashadeep Kaushal, Kanwarjit Singh Asi, Ajay Mahajan, Vindeshwari Bhatia, Poonam Mahajan

Abstract


Introduction: Endocarditis is an inflammation of the endocardium, the inner lining of the heart and heart valves. It is usually caused by bacteria and is associated with high mortality and morbidity. It can result from transient bacteremia from the oral cavity. Streptococci are the primary colonizers of tooth surface and are instrumental in development of the complex oral biofilm, dental plaque. Streptococcus sanguinis is one of the abundant oral commensals but can become pathogenic when given an opportunity.

 Case Presentation: During examination of a young female patient in the Department of Periodontology we came across a rare condition of Infective Endocarditis with ischemic infarct of brain also with poor periodontal health.

Conclusion: The symptoms like headache and intermittent fever without underlying dental and periodontal cause should not be overlooked as it might result in Infective Endocarditis. An early diagnosis is must to treat such life-threatening conditions to prevent further complications.


Keywords


Infective endocarditis,Streptococcus sanguinis, ischemic infarct, periodontal therapy.

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References


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