Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Prevalence of Hypermobility in College Going Student

Mohammed Favas M.T., Sneha Vishwanath


Background: Joint hypermobility is defined as the wide range of movements beyond limit. Prevalence of hypermobility is seen more in children but less of data is available regarding the prevalence rate in college students. Since lot of musculoskeletal issues exist in young population, there is a need to find out the prevalence of hypermobility among college going students. Methodology: In this cross sectional study, 100 college going students were taken as sample including 50 males and 50 females and we looked for hypermobility in them with clinical examination according to Beighton’s score. The population included between 18 and 25 year old young college students. Result: There is prevalence of 42% generalized joint hypermobility, 52% localized hypermobility and 6% of the population who was not hypermobile. Prevalence of generalized joint hyper-mobility was found in 42% males and 42% females. The selective joint hyper-mobility was seen in 48% of the males and 56% of the females, whereas 8% males and 4% females were not hyper-mobile. It was found that the percentage of little finger extension joint involvement was highest, followed by elbow, knee joint and thumb (1st MCP). Conclusion: There was no specific trend followed from age 18–25 years with increase in age. Generalized hypermobility was equally distributed among males and females, whereas Selective hypermobility was common among females in 18–25 years college students.


Hypermobility, college students, generalized or selective hypermobility, generalized joint hypermobility, musculoskeletal issues

Full Text:



Deshmukh AA, Ramteke P. Prevalence of generalized and selective joint hyper-mobility in school going children of age 6-12 years of central India. Int J Sci Healthcare Res. 2020; 5(4): 96–104.

Antonio DH, Magalhaes CS. Survey on joint hypermobility in university students aged 18-25 years old. Adv Rheumatol. 2018 Jul 29; 58(1): 3.

Chaiparinya P, Gaogasigam C. Prevalence, frontal plane knee alignment, and lower limb joint pain and injury in generalized joint hypermobility in Thai physical therapy students. Reumatologia/Rheumatology. 2022 Apr 30; 60(2): 116–24.

Al-Jarallah K, Shehab D, Al-Jaser MT, et al. Prevalence of joint hypermobility in Kuwait. Int J Rheum Dis. 2017; 20(8): 935–940. DOI:10.1111/1756185X.12556.

Romeo DM, Venezia I, De Biase M, Ascione F, Lala MR, Arcangeli V, Mercuri E, Brogna C. Developmental Coordination Disorder and Joint Hypermobility in Childhood: A Narrative Review. Children. 2022 Jul 7; 9(7): 1011. 6.

Smits-Engelsman Bouwien, Mariette Klerks, Amanda Kirby. Beighton score: A valid measure for generalized hypermobility in children. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2011; 158(1): 119–123.

Sirajudeen MS, Waly M, Alqahtani M, Alzhrani M, Aldhafiri F, Muthusamy H, Unnikrishnan R, Saibannavar R, Alrubaia W, Nambi G. Generalized joint hypermobility among school-aged children in Majmaah region, Saudi Arabia. Peer J. 2020 Aug 11; 8: e9682.

Saremi H, Shahbazi F, Rahighi AH. Epidemiology of generalized ligamentous laxity in northwest of Iran: A pilot national study on 17–40 years old adults in Hamadan province. Clin Epidemiology Glob Health. 2020 Jun 1; 8(2): 461–5.

Singh H, McKay M, Baldwin J, Nicholson L, Chan C, Burns J, Hiller CE. Beighton scores and cut-offs across the lifespan: cross-sectional study of an Australian population. Rheumatology. 2017 Nov 1; 56(11): 1857–64.

Dhankher P, Yadav JS, Devgan A. Prevalence of Joint Hypermobility in Adolescent Females. J Pharm Res Int. 2021 Dec 30; 33(64B): 562–9.

Sohrbeck-Nøhr O, Kristensen JH, Boyle E, Remvig L, Juul-Kristensen B. Generalized joint hypermobility in childhood is a possible risk for the development of joint pain in adolescence: a cohort study. BMC Pediatr. 2014 Dec; 14(1): 1–9.

Kwon JW, Lee WJ, Park SB, Kim MJ, Jang SH, Choi CK. Generalized joint hypermobility in healthy female Koreans: prevalence and age-related differences. Ann Rehabil Med. 2013 Dec 23; 37(6): 832–8.

Junge T, Henriksen P, Hansen S, et al. Generalised joint hypermobility and knee joint hypermobility: prevalence, knee joint symptoms and health-related quality of life in a Danish population. Int J Rheum Dis. 2019; 22(2): 288–296. DOI:10.1111/1756-185x.13205 14. Bull FC, Al-Ansari SS, Biddle S, et al. World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Br J Sports Med. 2020; 54(24): 1451–1462. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-102955.

Elvan A, Simsek IE, Cakiroglu MA, Angin S. Association of quadriceps angle with plantar pressure distribution, navicular height and calcaneo-tibial angle. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2019; 53(2): 145–149. DOI:10.1016/j.aott.2018.12.008



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Research & Reviews: A Journal of Health Professions

This Journal archive has been shifted to: