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Dyslipidaemia and its Association with Fasting versus Non Fasting Lipid Profile Values

Gurmeet Singh Sarla, R. Girish, Anshuman Singh


Lipid profile is a panel of blood tests used as a screening tool for dyslipidaemia. Dyslipidaemia is defined as disturbances of cholesterol and triglyceride levels and recognized as risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. It includes total cholesterol, low density lipoproteins (LDL), high density lipoproteins (HDL), very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and triglycerides. This study assesses the prevalence of dyslipidaemia among apparently healthy individuals in physically fit defence service personnel and their dependents who reported for their periodic medical examination/periodic reviews advised by the specialist or who were advised a lipid profile test from the out-patient department by the internist. The values of fasting and non-fasting lipid testing were compared to analyse any advantage of fasting samples over non-fasting samples. Diabetes mellitus was the most common co-morbidity associated with dyslipidaemia followed closely by hypertension. BMI of more than 25 is associated with elevated blood sugar levels. There was no difference in the values of serum triglycerides in both fasting and non-fasting samples whereas there was significant rise in HDL and LDL levels in non-fasting samples. A noteworthy number of apparently healthy and fit individuals had visceral fat of more than 12% which is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.


Keywords: Body mass index, dyslipidaemia, fasting, lipid profile, metabolic syndrome, non-fasting, visceral fat

Cite this Article

Gurmeet Singh Sarla, R. Girish, Anshuman Singh. Dyslipidaemia and its Association with Fasting versus Non Fasting Lipid Profile Values. Research & Reviews: Journal of Medicine. 2020; 10(2): 26–31p.

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