Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Liquid Waste Management

Priyanka Verma


Liquid waste is an emerging problem in this world, because of its ability to enter watersheds, pollute ground and drinking water when improperly handled and disposed. Diseases like cholera, plague, tuberculosis hepatitis as well as diphtheria are very common in places where untreated waste is reused and can be extremely dangerous over the period of time. Which can give public health risks as well as a major problem for healthcare facilities. About 90% of wastewater which is produced globally from the hospital care facility remains untreated but there is increase in untreated wastewater in irrigation due to scarcity of water. So proper steps should be taken to discard untreated and wastewater to keep safe and to avoid contamination of the table water. 


Liquid waste management, Effluent treatment Plant, Wastewater treatment plant

Full Text:



Park K. Hospital waste Management parks. Textbook of Preventive and social Medicine. 18 th edition, New Delhi.M/s Banarsidas Bhanot Publications, 2005. p 595-8.

The Gazette of India Biomedical wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 1998.Extraordinary Part II Section 3–Sub Section (ii) pp. 10-20. India: Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. Notification dated 2nd July 1998.

Blenkham JI.Standards of clinical waste management in UK hospitals. J Hosp Infect 2006;62(3): 300-3.

NIUA. Urban Scenario of India. Avaialable online from:

Patil AD. Shekdar AV. Health care waste management in India. J Environ. Manager 2001; 63: 211-20.

UNC. Environment, Health and Safety. Biological Waste Disposal Policy. Available online at:

Spill Control Technologies Ltd. Liquid Waste Solidifier. Available online at:

Manfred Hoffmann Baumaschinen Industrieservice. Available online at:

Singh IB, Sharma RK. Hospital waste disposal system and technology. J Acad Hosp Abm 1996: 8-9(2-1):33-9.

UC San Diego. Blink.How to Identify, Label, Package and Dispose of Biohazardous and Medical Waste. Available Online at:

Sailing H. Radioactive Waste Management. 2nd ed, New York.Taylor and Francis: 2002.

EPA. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Storing, Transporting and Disposing of Mercury.

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India. Available online at:

Kadam A, Ozaa G, Nemadea P, Dutta S, Shankar H. Municipal wastewater treatment using novel constructed soil filter system. Chemosphere 2008; 71(5): 1975-81.

Nemade PD, Kadam AM, Shankar HS. Wastewater renovation using constructed soil filter (CSF). A novel approach J Hazard Mater 2009; 170(2-3): 657-65.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Research & Reviews: A Journal of Toxicology