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A Descriptive Study to Assess the Knowledge on Benefits of Janani Suraksha Yojana among The Mothers from Selected Rural Areas of Sangli and Miraj

Satish N. Salvi, Anis Nadaf

Abstract


The maternal mortality rate and infant mortality rate in India is due to a combination of important factors like poverty, ineffective or unaffordable health services, lack of political, managerial and administrative will etc. All this culminates in a high proportion of home deliveries by unskilled relatives and delays in the seeking care and this in turn adds to the maternal mortality ratios (MMR). The institutional delivery or delivery by skilled personal plays a major role in reducing MMR and IMR. In India, while 77% of pregnant women receive some form of antenatal check-up, only 41% deliver in an institution. Even though all services are free only 13% of the lowest income quintile delivers in a hospital Around nine out of ten pregnancies (90.9%) which occurred during the three years preceding the survey to currently married women aged between 15–49 years are found to be live births. In Maharashtra, 4.8% of the pregnancies in the three years preceding the survey resulted in spontaneous abortion and this is highest in Sangli (8.8%), whereas in Ratnagiri district there was no incidence of spontaneous abortion and the district is showing highest proportion of live birth (100.5%). The reason for home delivery is lack of knowledge, traditional belief, lack of transport facilities in emergencies due to this following reason Janani Suraksha Yojana has infant mortality is the death of a child less than one year of age. It is measured as infant mortality rate (IMR), which is the number of deaths of children under one year of age per 1000 live births.


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