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Brief Concept of Waja ul Mafasil and its Management in Unani System of Medicine: A Review

Umme Sitara Ansari, Ayesha Fatema Syed, Mohammad Sirajuddin Shaikh, Sana Kamal Usmani


Waja-ul-Mafasil (Osteoarthritis) also known as degenerative arthritis is a progressive joint disease, occurring in middle and later life. Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of disability worldwide despite its development in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. A comprehensive description of Waja-ul-Mafasil is available in classical Unani literature. While going through the literature review of various compendiums written by Unani scholars, it is clear that this system of medicine had huge knowledge about its etio- pathogenesis, classification, clinical features, complications, and management in their treatises. According to the unani system of medicine their etiologies are completely based on Disturbance or alter the quality of temperament and quantity of humours which disturb homeostasis and lead to production of morbid humours. Ancient Unani scholars have been treating these ailments successfully since antiquity. The principle of treatment is restoring the normal temperament and evacuation of morbid matter through Imaala (diversion) and Istafragh (evacuation). They have also disclosed a compendium of local applications such as Roghaniyat, Zimadaat for the treatment of Waja-ul-Mafasil. In this paper, authors have tried to illuminate the holistic notion of this disease along with the treatment as mentioned in classics of Unani medicine.



Waja ul Mafasil, Osteoarthritis, Munzij wa Mus’hil, Unani System of Medicine, Imaala, Istafragh.

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