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Diabetes Mellitus-Risk Assessment

Sembian . N, . Rajani, Ramesh Singh, Sapna devi, Shalini Shakya


Objective: To determine the risk of acquiring diabetes in patients and families, as well as the relationship between risk of developing diabetes and certain demographic characteristics. Methods: With 500 samples, a non-experimental descriptive design was utilized to assess the risk of developing diabetes. Convenience or Accidental sampling method was opted, and the data were collected by Bio physiological method and interview method by using ADA and FDA scale. Result: According to the FDA scale, 44.6 percent of participants had a low risk of developing diabetes, 41.2 percent had a slightly elevated risk, 9 percent had a moderate risk, but 4.8 percent and 4 percent had high risk and exceptionally very high risk individually. Overall mean score for developing risk of DM among patient and relatives was 7.41 ± 3.85 with standard error 0.172 as per FDA scale. According to American Diabetes Association scale, 83.4 % of participants had no risk and 16.6% of participants had higher risk of developing DM. Overall mean score for developing risk of DM among patient and relatives was 2.99 ± 1.48 with standard error 0.066 as per American Diabetes Association scale. Conclusion: The study findings conclude that the age and associated illness had statistically significant association as per FDA scale and age, sex and occupation had statistically significant association as per American Diabetes Association scale.



Diabetes mellitus(DM), Risk assessment, American Diabetes Association scale and Finnish Diabetes Association (FDA)

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