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Lobulated Tongue- A Rare Devlopmental Anomaly

Supratim Ghosh, Debasish Pramanick


Lobulated tongue is a relatively uncommon congenital anomaly characterized by one or multiple elevations and/or indentations on the edge or surface of the tongue, resulting in an irregular contour. This condition is considered a rare occurrence in the spectrum of human congenital anomalies, and it may present as an isolated case or be associated with syndromes, co-existing with hamartomas or teratomas.Various syndromes have been identified in association with lobulated tongue, underscoring the diversity of its manifestations within the medical realm. Examples of such syndromes include Tessier type 30 craniofacial cleft, Oral-Facial-Digital Syndrome (OFDS), Opitz G BBB syndrome, Klippel–Feil anomaly, and Larsen syndrome. These syndromes contribute to the complexity of lobulated tongue cases, emphasizing the need for a thorough examination and diagnostic approach.

A noteworthy aspect of lobulated tongue development lies in its origins during the fusion of two lateral lingual swellings and the tuberculum impar. Any disturbance or alteration in this intricate fusion process can give rise to the characteristic irregularities observed in a lobulated tongue. Understanding the embryological basis of this condition is instrumental in elucidating its etiology and guiding appropriate interventions.Early diagnosis and timely treatment of lobulated tongue are pivotal in preventing potential difficulties in swallowing and speech. As with many congenital anomalies, intervention at an early stage can significantly impact the overall prognosis and quality of life for affected individuals. The treatment protocol often involves surgical correction to address the physical abnormalities associated with the condition.In the case presented in this article, a 19-year-old female patient exhibited an isolated lobulated tongue. This underscores the importance of recognizing and documenting individual cases to contribute to the collective knowledge base and facilitate a deeper understanding of the clinical spectrum of lobulated tongue presentations.

In conclusion, lobulated tongue, while a quiet rare congenital anomaly, warrants careful consideration due to its potential association with syndromes and the impact it can have on speech and swallowing. Continued research and case studies, such as the one described here, contribute to the evolving understanding of this condition and inform strategies for early diagnosis and effective intervention


Lobulated tongue, Bifid tongue, Tongue developmental anomaly, Oral facial Digital syndrome, Tessier type 30 craniofacial cleft.

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