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Multifarious Magnitude of Magnesium Oxide Nanoparticles Integrated Feed on Growth and Hematological Characteristics of Mrigal Cirrhinus mrigala

Muthuswami Ruby Rajan, S Sudhabose, S Reshma Barveen


The present study deals with the multifarious magnitude of magnesium oxide nanoparticles integrated feed on growth and hematological characteristics of Mrigal Cirrhinus mrigala. Magnesium oxide nanoparticles were made using the co-precipitation process and analyzed, identified, and characterized utilizing scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Four feeds such as Feed I (Control), II, III, and IV were prepared by using multifarious magnitude (25, 50, and 75 mg) of magnesium oxide nanoparticles utilizing a groundnut oil cake, fish meal, tapioca flour, and wheat flour. After 21 days of rearing fishes, feed consumption and hematological parameters were assessed. The ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra show that the concentration of magnesium oxide nanoparticles measured in wavelength range of 200 to 1100. Morphological characteristics of Magnesium oxide nanoparticles were seen utilizing scanning electron microscopy. EDAX spectrum showed that the peaks were located on the spectrum at 1.2 keV. Magnesium oxide nanoparticles’ chemical makeup was examined by XRD, and the diffraction peaks are indexed. Magnesium oxide nanoparticles’ FTIR spectra were examined in the region between 400 and 4000 cm−1 . Feed consumption characteristics such as feed conversion efficiency, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, relative growth rate, percentage growth, metabolism, assimilation, and gross and net growth efficiency of Mrigal were higher in Feed IV. The hematological characteristics of Mrigal was slowly decreased from Feed I (Control) to Feed IV. This study concludes that Feed IV containing 75 mg of magnesium oxide nanoparticles enhanced Mrigal’s growth and hematological criterion gradually decreased with the increased amount of magnesium oxide nanoparticles incorporated feeds.


Multifarious, magnitude, magnesium oxide nanoparticles, growth, hematological, mrigal

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